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2015-04-08 15:41 三立在线 范琳琳

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  Word List 1 abase-adroit

  abase     V./降低,羞辱/lower; humiliate. Defeated, Queen Zenobia was forced to abase herself before the conquering Romans, who made her march in chains before the emperor in the procession celebrating his triumph. abasement, N.

  abash     V./使难堪/embarrass. He was not at all abashed by her open admiration.

  abate     V./减弱,减少/subside; decrease, lessen. Rather than leaving immediately, they waited for the storm to abate. abate­ment, N.


  abbreviate     V./减短,缩写/shorten. Because we were running out of time, the lecturer had to abbreviate her speech.

  abdicate     V./放弃/renounce; give up. When Edward VIII abdi­cated the British throne to marry the woman he loved, he surprised the entire world.

  abduction     N./绑架/kidnapping. The movie Ransom describes the attempts to rescue a multimillionaire's son after the child's abduction by kidnappers. abduct,V.

  aberrant     N./不正常的/abnormal or deviant. Given the aberrant nature of the data, we doubted the validity of the entire experiment. also N.

  abet     V./帮助,鼓励/aid, usually in doing something wrong; encourage. She was unwilling to abet him in the swindle he had planned.

  abeyance     N./悬而未决/suspended action. The deal was held in abeyance until her arrival.

  SAT1(Barron's)巴朗3500基础词汇abhor     V./憎恨/detest; hate. She abhorred all forms of bigotry. abhorrence, N.

  abject     ADJ./穷困潦倒,卑微/wretched; lacking pride. On the streets of New York the homeless live in abject poverty, huddling in door­ways to find shelter from the wind.

  abjure     V./发誓放弃/renounce upon oath. He abjured his allegiance to the king. abjuration, N.

  ablution     N./洗/washing. His daily ablutions were accompa­nied by loud noises that he humorously labeled "Opera in the Bath."

  abnegation    N./批判,自我牺牲/repudiation; self-sacrifice. No act of abne­gation was more pronounced than his refusal of any rewards for his discovery.

  abolish     V./废除/cancel; put an end to. The president of the col­lege refused to abolish the physical education requirement. abolition, N.

  abominable    ADJ./可恶的,非常糟糕/detestable; extremely unpleasant; very bad. Mary liked John until she learned he was dating Susan; then she called him an abominable young man, with abominable taste in women.

  aboriginal     ADJ., N./原来的,土著的/being the first of its kind in a region; primitive; native. Her studies of the primitive art forms of the aboriginal Indians were widely reported in the scientific journals. aborigines, N.

  abortive     ADJ./不成功的,失败/unsuccessful; fruitless. Attacked by armed troops, the Chinese students had to abandon their abortive attempt to democratize Beijing peacefully. abort,V.

  SAT1(Barron's)巴朗3500基础词汇abrade     V./磨损,侵蚀/wear away by friction; scrape; erode. The sharp rocks abraded the skin on her legs, so she put iodine on her abrasions.

  abrasive     ADJ./摩擦的,粗糙的,研磨剂/rubbing away; tending to grind down. Just as abrasive cleaning powders can wear away a shiny finish, abrasive remarks can wear away a listener's patience. abrade,V.

  abridge     V./删节,节选/condense or shorten. Because the publishers felt the public wanted a shorter version of War and Peace, they proceeded to abridge the novel.

  abrogate     ADJ./废除/abolish. He intended to abrogate the decree issued by his predecessor.

  abscond     V./隐匿,逃避,躲债/depart secretly and hide. The teller who absconded with the bonds went uncaptured until someone recognized him from his photograph on "America's Most Wanted."

  absolute     ADJ./完全的,肯定的/complete; totally unlimited; certain. Although the King of Siam was an absolute monarch, he did not want to behead his unfaithful wife without absolute evidence of her infidelity.

  absolve     V./谅解/pardon (an offense). The father confessor absolved him of his sins. absolution, N.

  absorb     V./吸收,合并/assimilate or incorporate; suck or drink up; wholly engage. During the nineteenth century, America absorbed hordes of immigrants, turning them into productive citizens. Can Huggies diapers absorb more liquid than Pampers can? This question does not absorb me; instead, it bores me. absorption, N.

  abstain     V./控制,限制(自己)/refrain; hold oneself back voluntarily from an action or practice. After considering the effect of alcohol on his athletic performance, he decided to abstain from drink­ing while he trained for the race. abstinence, N.

  abstemious    ADJ./节制(饮食),调节/sparing in eating and drinking; temper­ate. Concerned whether her vegetarian son's abstemious diet provided him with sufficient protein, the worried mother pressed food on him.

  abstinence     N./节制(饮食)/restraint from eating or drinking. The doctor recommended total abstinence from salted foods. abstain,V.

  abstract     ADJ./抽象的/theoretical; not concrete; nonrepresenta­tional. To him, hunger was an abstract concept; he had never missed a meal.

  SAT1(Barron's)巴朗3500基础词汇abstruse     ADJ./难以理解的,复杂的/obscure; profound; difficult to understand. She carries around abstruse works of philosophy, not because she understands them but because she wants her friends to think she does.

  abundant     ADJ./丰富,富足/plentiful; possessing riches or resources. At his immigration interview, Ivan listed his abundant rea­sons for coming to America: the hope of religious freedom, the prospect of employment, the promise of a more abun­dant life.

  abusive     ADJ./粗俗的侮辱,对身体有害的/coarsely insulting; physically harmful. An abusive parent damages a child both mentally and physi­cally.

  abut     V./毗邻/border upon; adjoin. Where our estates abut, we must build a fence.

  abysmal     ADJ./无底的/bottomless. His arrogance is exceeded only by his abysmal ignorance.

  abyss     N./深渊,深坑,无底洞/enormous chasm; vast bottomless pit. Darth Vader seized the evil emperor and hurled him down into the abyss,

  academic     ADJ./学术的/related to a school; not practical or directly useful. The dean's talk about reforming the college admis­sions system was only an academic discussion: we knew little, if anything, would change.

  accede     V./同意/agree. If I accede to this demand for blackmail, I am afraid that I will be the victim of future demands.

  accelerate      V./加速/move faster. In our science class, we learn how falling bodies accelerate.

  accentuate    V./强调,重音/emphasize; stress. If you accentuate the pos­itive and eliminate the negative, you may wind up with an overoptimistic view of the world.

  accessible    ADJ./可得到的/easy to approach; obtainable. We asked our guide whether the ruins were accessible on foot.

  accessory    N./附件/additional object; useful but not essential thing. She bought an attractive handbag as an accessory for her dress. alsoADJ.

  acclaim    V./赞扬,表扬/applaud; announce with great approval. The NBC sportscasters acclaimed every American victory in the Olympics and decried every American defeat. also N.


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