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SAT考试中的重点词汇解析(1)

2018-06-21 16:07 小马过河 admin

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摘要:​ ​ personification[pəˌsɒnɪfɪˈkeɪʃn] n.人格化; 拟人化 1. a person who represents an abstractquality; 2. representing an abstract quality or ideaas a person or creature 3. the act of attributing humancharacteristics to abstract ideas etc. convenient [kənˈvi:niənt] adj.方便的; [废语]适当的; [口语]近便的;实用的 1. suited to your comfort or purpose orneeds; 2. easy to reach; 3. large and roomy (`convenient' is arc

personification[pəˌsɒnɪfɪˈkeɪʃn]

n.人格化; 拟人化

1. a person who represents an abstractquality;

2. representing an abstract quality or ideaas a person or creature

3. the act of attributing humancharacteristics to abstract ideas etc.

convenient [kənˈvi:niənt]

adj.方便的; [废语]适当的; [口语]近便的;实用的

1. suited to your comfort or purpose orneeds;

2. easy to reach;

3. large and roomy (`convenient' is archaicin this sense);

Population [ˌpɒpjuˈleɪʃn]

n.人口; 全体居民; 特定[生物]种群; [物]布居

1. the people who inhabit a territory orstate;

2. a group of organisms of the same speciespopulating a given area;

3. (statistics) the entire aggregation ofitems from which samples can be drawn;

4. the number of inhabitants (either thetotal number or the number of a particular race or class) in a given place(country or city etc.);

5. the act of populating (causing to livein a place)

verve [vɜ:v]

n.热情; (艺术品等的)气韵,神韵; 生气,活力; 气魄

an energetic style

evocation [ˌi:vəʊ'keɪʃn]

n.唤出,唤起,招魂

1. imaginative re-creation

2. calling up supposed supernatural forcesby spells and incantations

3. stimulation that calls up (draws forth)a particular class of behaviors

partisan [ˌpɑ:tiˈzæn]

adj.党派性的; 偏袒的; 游击队的

n.党羽,强硬支持者; 游击队员; 戟的一种

Noun

1. a fervent and even militant proponent ofsomething

2. an ardent and enthusiastic supporter ofsome person or activity

3. a pike with a long tapering double-edgedblade with lateral projections; 16th and 17th centuries

Adjective

1. devoted to a cause or party

2. adhering or confined to a particularsect or denomination or party;

sequester [sɪ'kwestə(r)]

vt.使隔绝,使隔离; <律>扣押

1. requisition forcibly, as of enemyproperty;

2. take temporary possession of as asecurity, by legal authority;

3. undergo sequestration by forming astable compound with an ion;

4. keep away from others;

5. set apart from others;

negligible [ˈneglɪdʒəbl]

adj.可以忽略的; 微不足道的; 无足轻重的;不足轻重

1. so small as to be meaningless;insignificant;

2. not worth considering;

digression [daɪ'ɡreʃn]

n.离题,岔开

1. a message that departs from the mainsubject

2. a turning aside (of your course orattention or concern);

3. wandering from the main path of ajourney

vexing [veksɪŋ]

adj.使人烦恼的,使人恼火的

1. extremely annoying or displeasing;

2. causing irritation or annoyance

stymie [ˈstaɪmi]

n.<高尔夫> 妨碍球; 困难的处境

vt.妨碍,阻挠

Noun

1. a situation in golf where an opponent'sball blocks the line between your ball and the hole

2. a thwarting and distressing situation

Verb

1. hinder or prevent the progress oraccomplishment of;

pedestrian [pəˈdestriən]

n.步行者; 行人

adj.徒步的; 平淡无奇的; 一般的

Noun

1. a person who travels by foot

Adjective

1. lacking wit or imagination;

bias ['baɪəs]

n.偏见; 偏爱,爱好; 倾向; 斜纹

vt.使倾向于; 使有偏见; 影响; 加偏压于

adj.斜纹的; 斜的,倾斜的; 斜裁的

adv.偏斜地,倾斜地; 对角地

Noun

1. a partiality that prevents objectiveconsideration of an issue or situation

2. a line or cut across a fabric that isnot at right angles to a side of the fabric

Verb

1. influence in an unfair way;

2. cause to be biased

Adjective

slanting diagonally across the grain of afabric

dearth[dɜ:θ]

n.缺乏,稀少

1. an acute insufficiency

2. an insufficient quantity or number

diminution [ˌdɪməˈnu:ʃən]

in.减小,减少,缩减

1. change toward something smaller or lower

2. the statement of a theme in notes oflesser duration (usually half the length of the original)

3. the act of decreasing or reducingsomething

mosaic [məʊ'zeɪɪk]

n.马赛克; 镶嵌图案; 镶嵌工艺; [植]花叶病

adj.摩西的; 拼花的

vt.镶嵌; 用马赛克装饰

Noun

1. art consisting of a design made of smallpieces of colored stone or glass

2. viral disease in solanaceous plants(tomatoes, potatoes, tobacco) resulting in mottling and often shriveling of theleaves

3. a pattern resembling a mosaic

4. transducer formed by the light-sensitivesurface on a television camera tube

5. assembly of aerial photographs forming acomposite picture

Adjective

decorated with small pieces of colored glass or stone fittedtogether;

dispute [dɪ'spju:t]

vt.& vi.辩论,争论

n.辩论; 争端; (劳资)纠纷; 罢工

Noun

1. a disagreement or argument aboutsomething important;

2. coming into conflict with

Verb

1. take exception to;

2. have a disagreement over something

foster ['fɒstə(r)]

v.培养; 抚育; 促进; 代养

adj.寄养的; 代养的

Verb

1. promote the growth of;

2. bring up under fosterage; of children

3. help develop, help grow;

Adjective

providing or receiving nurture or parentalcare though not related by blood or legal ties;

exhort [ɪɡ'zɔ:t]

vt.& vi.劝告,劝说; 倡导; 勉励

Verb

1. urge on or encourage especially byshouts;

2. force or impel in an indicateddirection;

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