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SAT写作6类常见问题2:固定搭配

2013-06-06 10:56 三立在线 admin

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摘要: SAT写作6类常见问题2:英语的学习中存在很多固定搭配,适当地使用固定搭配(如固定短语)可以使文章表达流畅、到位。

  在学生平时的SAT写作练习中,留学的老师们通过长期的观察与总结,发现了6类常见的问题,这是导致学生在考试中丢分的原因。英语的学习中存在很多固定搭配,适当地使用固定搭配(如固定短语)可以使文章表达流畅、到位,但是学生在SAT写作中使用的时候会出现错误,今天我们就来看SAT写作6类常见问题之二:固定搭配。

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  1、 Original: ...there is no deny that a university or college really offers us great enlightment for students future development and growth.

  Revised: ... there is no denying that a university diploma really offers great opportunities for student's personal growth.

  there is no deny改为固定搭配there is no denying“不可否认”。原句中还存在表达不当的问题,应该是大学文凭给学生们的个人发展提供了很多机会。

  2、Original: Modern technologies have improved today's factories technology and brought pollutions to the minimum.

  Revised: However, with the modern technology, air and noise pollution can be kept to a minimum.

  “降到最低程度”是to a minimum。

  3、Original: If you want to catch the pace of the rhythms of the modern world you had better get ready.

  Revised: If you want to keep pace with the rhythms of the modern world, you had better get up early.

  原句catch up with the pace的搭配是不对的,如果表述“和现在世界的快节奏同步”可以用keep pace with(与…同步)或catch up with(赶上…步伐)。

  4、 Original: Every year, Lenovo spends a large amount of money to product environment without regret. By doing this, Lenovo makes a profit at the same time.

  Revised: Every year Lenovo spends a large amount of money on environmental protection while at the same time makes a profit.

  原句中动词spend的词组搭配不正确,spend可以表示“花费钱或时间”。常用的搭配有:spend money on sth./sb.表示“在某人或某事上花钱”;spend time with sb.表示“花时间和某人在一起”;spend time(in)doing sth. 表示“花时间做某事”等。另外,原句有些啰嗦,改后稿用while结构省略了一个句子,使句子更加简洁。

  5、Original: The advertisement as the news inform us the current technologies of a country.

  Revised: The ad informed us of the current technology, solar, available within that country.

  “让某人得知什么消息或事情”,要用inform sb. of sth.,不能直接说inform sb. sth.。

  6、Original: I do admire those people who trust their first intuition for their courage to follow what their hearts believe.

  Revised: I do admire those people who trust their first impressions, for they have the courage to follow their hearts.

  “跟着感觉走”的英语表达式follow one's heart。

  考生应在平时阅读范文或其他材料时,注意摘录一些固定搭配,表明他们的用途范围,并在SAT写作练习中留意固定搭配。当然,记忆一定要准确,特别要注意固定搭配中所使用的词性、词形等。

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