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SAT语法之主谓一致改错题

2014-05-05 11:02 三立在线 jiangshuhui

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摘要:SAT语法之主谓一致改错题!三立在线SAT频道小编为大家整理了SAT语法之主谓一致改错题的详细内容,希望能为广大考生提供帮助。三立在线全国免费电话咨询:400-0123-267!

  主谓一致的知识点对于英语语言学习的重要性不言而喻,在SAT语法考试当中也得到了充分的证明;然而对于很多中国学生来说,由于中文语法的限制,他们在主谓一致这一知识点上习惯性地犯错。

  概述

  主语和谓语应在数上保持它们的一致性,即复数主语必须用复数谓语;同样,单数主语必须用单数谓语。

  所以,基于上面的概述,我们在SAT语法题中一定要清晰地判断出主语和谓语的单复数形式来保证我们做题的正确率。

  考点聚焦:

  (1) 单复数混用

  这种题型相对来说是比较简单并且显而易见的,但是同学们做题的时候一定要十分细心。

  例句1:Few issues is (A) as likely (B) to provoke widespread interest as those (C) involving possible danger to (D) the health or safety of children. No error (E)

  例句2:The main reasons students give for failing to participate in the political process is that they have demanding assignments and work at part-time jobs.

  (A) is that they have demanding assignments and work at

  (B) are demanding assignments and they work at

  (C) are that they have demanding assignments and that they work at

  (D) is having demanding assignments and having to work at

  (E) are demanding assignments, in addition to working at

  (2)由and连接的主语

  两个名词或者代词有and进行连接并且充当句子的主语,如果它们表示的是两样东西,则需用复数谓语;

  例句1:A job directory and a job service centre that provides (A) information for (B) students in need of (C) employment is (D) available through the school’s guidance office. No error (E)

  例句2:The convenience and availability of watercolor paint account for its popularity with artists.

  (A) account for its popularity

  (B) account for their popularity

  (C) accounts for its popularity

  (D) is why it is popular

  (E) are a reason for its popularity

  (3)倒装句的主谓一致

  在SAT的考试中,经常出现倒装句配合主谓一致的情况,让我们来看一个例题

  例句:Also supported (A) by the commission was (B) the proposed health clinics and the proposed center (C) to distribute information on job-training (D) opportunities. No error (E) (OG P602 28)

  (4)主语+插入语+谓语

  此种题型在SAT语法考试中出现的频率十分的高,大家要有足够的认识。首先,我们知道插入语在整个句子中式不占成分的,也就说我们可以忽略不计,通常以两个逗号的形式在句子中出现。

  例句:The record left by fossils, the ancient remains of plants and animals, provide (A) scientists with (B) their primary source of (C) information about (D) prehistoric life. No error (E)

  (5) 抽象概念主语用单数

  由于抽象概念的主语通常来说是一个不可数名词,所以谓语部分一般都用单数形式。

  例句: Studying (A) the language and culture of a foreign country are(B) highly recommended to the tourist who expects (C) to learn from (D) his or her vacation abroad. No error (E)

  (6)就前原则

  名词1 +介词+ 名词2

  在SAT考试中出现此种情况,谓语动词的单复数与名词1有关,与名词2无关

  如:

  teachers in the office are

  例:The bright (A) fiberglass sculptures of Luis Jimenez has received (B) critical acclaim not only (C) in his home state, New Mexico, but also in (D) New York. No error (E). (OG P161.1)

  (7)谓语动词单复数的固定用法

  (1) a number of + 复数名词

  表示一些;一般情况下主语为此短语中的“复数名词”部分,所以其后谓语动词用复数;

  (2)the number of +复数名词

  表示什么东西的数量;这个短语的主语中心词是“the number”,其后的动词在任何情况下都用单数;当然如果换成“the numbers of+复数名词”的情况,谓语动词用复数。

  例句:The number of awards given this year (A) to biochemists accentuate (B) the significant gains (C) being made in (D) the study of the chemistry of living organisms. No error (E) (OG P660 26)

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