2018-05-02 22:51 三立在线
28. Based on the passage, Gornick’s and Hemingway’s approaches to writing their memoirs are similar in that both writers:
F. put real characters into wholly fictional situations.
G. wanted to portray themselves in a flattering way.
H. were motivated to settle old scores and present their own versions of personal relationships.
J. used only material from their lives that served the story they each wanted to tell.
解析：本题比较两篇文章中针对回忆录写作的共同点，文章A中作者(Gornick)认为What actually happened is only raw material; what matters is what the memoirist makes of what happened. 并认为Memoirs belong to the category of literature, not journalism. 所以我们应该可以很明确的得出这样的信号，就是A篇文章中作者的写作回忆录的方式应该是用what actually happened is only raw material。而B篇文章中，我们也能读到这样的句子：(line63: )Thus, in writing it, he(Hemingway) dealt with issues which had been important to him and he settled old scores. 以及(line83:) He (Hemingway) clearly overlooked a great deal of material, distorted some, and generally selected the episodes so that they would show him as innocent, honest, dedicated and thoroughly enjoying life.从这些句子中，不难看出来Hemingway在写作自己的自传时，也对事实进行了选择性的改动，以塑造自己的形象。所以共同点应该是，都是以事实为原型，但是并不完全与事实相同。
34. The main purpose of the fifth paragraph (lines 41-49) is to:
F. explain how Argintine ants are able to survive in new areas and discuss their spread throughout the world.
G. describe possible outcomes for a pioneering species and stress the improbability that the species will thrive.
H. define the concept of invasive species as it relates to ants.
J. compare the behaviors of Argentine ants to those of other, more successful pioneering species.
When a pioneering group sets up camp and starts living in a new place, possible futures diverge. One species might be wiped out within a generation or two. A second might survive, but never become common. Yet another species might thrive, eventually spreading across states, continents, and even the world! Even if surviving in a new environment is sometimes a matter of being introduced again and again, thriving is a different story. Relatively few invasive species truly prevail.
本段第一句说的是，当pioneering (ant) group在一个新的地方安营扎寨时，可能的未来会出现分歧。翻译成人话，就是，可能会出现不同的结果。然后接下来的句子就是一些，一些，另一些，简单而又经典的结构。文段末句，相对来说，几乎没有什么invasive species可以真正的prevail(流行，占优势)。 所以本题选项中跟首尾句意思最接近的选项应该为G选项。文章或文段主旨类题难度不高，答题时一定不要慌张。