2018-04-26 15:48 三立在线
Social scientists agree thateveryone in a generation is not identical. Nevertheless, many demographersassert that generalizations about the distinct characters of birth groups arehelpful for social analysis. They aid in designing policy and educationtargeted toward the unique characteristics of specific cohorts. A case in pointis those born between 1981 and 2000, dubbed "The MillennialGeneration" because they are the first adults of the 21st century.According to the Pew Research Center, a think tank, the current group of 13- to29-year-olds is more ethnically and racially diverse than any othersimilarly-aged cohort in our history. Many believe this explains their tendencyto see the ourselves as global citizens. Millennial have been described as"digital natives" because of their total comfort with technology.This is in stark contrast with previous generations, such as the SilentGeneration, born before 1946; the Baby Boomers, born during the spike in birthsbetween 1946-1964 that followed World War II; or even Generation X, bornbetween 1965-1980. Millennial inhabit a world where personal devices havealways existed and are all around us, as ubiquitous as the air we breathe. Becausetwo-thirds of Millennial voted for Barack Obama for president in 2008,somesuggest that Millennial are more politically progressive than previousgenerations. While some authors call Millennial narcissistic, others believerather that this generation is notably unselfish and eager to be of service toothers. Many sociologists believe that understanding Millennial will make thosewho work with them more productive citizens.
1. "Cohort"(line 8) as used in the passage most likely refers to anygroup
(A) of 13year-olds
(B) made up of U.S. citizens
(C) of civic-minded global citizens
(D) that shares certain characteristics
(E) of extremely diverse individuals;
2. It can belogically inferred from the passage that the parents of the Baby Boomers
(A) were bornafter 1946
(B) belonged to Generation X
(C) were called "Hie Boomers"
(D) belonged to The Silent Generation
(E) were more progressive than the Millennial
3. It can belogically inferred from the passage that the Baby Boomers
(A) fought inWorld War II
(B) were born before 1946
(C) were younger than The Boomers
(D) were more diverse than the Millennial
(E) were less progressive than the Millennial
4. Which ofthe following is true based on the passage?
(A) The PewResearch Center studies voting habits.
(B) Generalizations about generations may aid educators.
(C) Members of Generation X have never seen a cell phone.
(D) Generations usually receive nick names that reflect theirnatures.
(E) Social scientists universally agree that it is useful tocategorize generations.
分析：这是一篇典型的说明文，文中作者根据人们不同的出生年代，生活背景，接触的东西把近一世纪的人们划分成了：The Millennial Generation(1981-2000)The SilentGeneration (before 1946), The Baby Boomers(1946-1964), Generation X(1965-1980)
Baby Boomers出生于(1946-1964)，那他们的父母倒推20+年，应该是1946年前出生，所以属于Silent Generation。