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2014年托福考试词汇精选题(一)

2014-12-05 17:08 三立在线 admin
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  1. A rock durable enough to have withstood natural conditions for a very long time in other areas could probably be shattered into small pieces by salt weathering within a few generations.

  The word "durable" is closest in meaning to which of following?

  (A) large (B) strong (C) flexible (D) pressured

  The word "shattered" is closest in meaning to which of following?

  (A) arranged (B) dissolved (C) broken apart (D) gathered together

  2. The dominant salt in Death Valley is halite, or sodium chloride, but other salts, mostly carbonates and sulfates, also cause prying and wedging, as does ordinary ice.

  The word "dominant" is closest in meaning to which of following?

  (A) most recent (B) most common (C) least available (D) least damaging

  3. Overland transport in the United States was still extremely primitive in 1790. Roads were few and short, usually extending from inland communities to the nearest river town or seaport.

  The word "primitive" is closest in meaning to which of following?

  (A) unsafe (B) unknown (C) inexpensive (D) undeveloped

  4. Nearly all interstate commerce was carried out by sailing ships that served the bays and harbors of the seaboard. Yet, in 1790 the nation was on the threshold of a new era of road development.

  The phrase "on the threshold of" in line 4 and 5 is closest in meaning to which of following?

  (A) in need of (B) in place of (C) at the start of (D) with the purpose of

  5. The company built a gravel road within two years, and the success of the Lancaster Pike encouraged imitation. Northern states generally relied on private companies to build their toll roads, but Virginia constructed a network at public expense.

  The word "imitation" is closest in meaning to which of following?

  (A) investment (B) suggestion (C) increasing (D) copying

  1 B C 2 B 3 C 4 C  5 D

  1. Its peoples became great traders, bartering jewellery, pottery, animal pelts, tools, and other goods along extensive trading networks that stretched up and down eastern North America and as far west as the Rocky Mountains.

  The word "bartering" is closest in meaning to which of following?

  (A) producing (B) exchanging (C) transporting (D) loading

  2. Over the next centuries, it was supplanted by another culture, the Mississippian, named after the river along which many of its earliest villages were located.

  The word "supplanted" is closest in meaning to which of following?

  (A) conquered (B) preceded (C) replaced (D) imitated

  3. Most of these towns boasted at least one major flat-topped mound on which stood a temple that contained a sacred flame. Only priests and those charged with guarding the flame could enter the temples.

  The phrase "charged with" is closest in meaning to which of following?

  (A) passed on (B) experienced at (C) interested in (D) assigned to

  4. Printmaking is the generic term for a number of processes, of which woodcut and engraving are two prime examples.

  The word "prime" is closest in meaning to which of following?

  (A) principal (B) complex (C) general (D) recent

  5. Engraving, which grew out of the goldsmith's art, originated in Germany and northern Italy in the middle of the fifteenth century. It is an intaglio process (from Italian intagliare, "to carve") . The image is incised into a highly polished metal plate, usually copper, with a cutting instrument, or burin.

  The word "incised" is closest in meaning to which of following?

  (A) burned (B) cut (C) framed (D) baked

  1 B 2 C 3 D 4 A 5 B

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